Sit and reach test Results in inches

Sit and Reach (Inches) Age 18-25 26-35 36-45 45-56 Percentile Gender Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female 90 22 24 21 23 21 22 19 21 80 20 22 19 21 19 21 17 20 70 19 21 17 20 17 19 15 18 60 18 20 17 20 16 18 14 17 50 17 19 15 19 15 17 13 16 40 15 18 14 17 13 16 11 14 30 14 17 13 16 13 15 10 1 The sit and reach test is a common measure of flexibility, and specifically measures the flexibility of the lower back and hamstring muscles. The norm values below are for the standard version of the test with both knees held straight. The table below gives you a general guide for expected scores (in cm and inches) for adults, when performed.

See also video demonstrations of the Sit and Reach Test. Measurement. Mark or take note of your best score, take a measure in cm or inches beyond the base of your foot, or you did not reach your toes, measure how far before the feet you were (a negative measurement score). How did you go? Compare your results to the table below However, using negative values is more difficult for statistical analysis, and for comparing results. The procedure for the Presidents Challenge version require that the box is made with 9 inches (23 cm) at the level of the feet, so reaching two inches past the toes is recorded as 11 inches Sit and Reach. Quickly measure and calculate your posterior chain mobility and flexibility. This is a common measurement of flexibility in the lower back and hamstrings (the back of the legs). This test is important because tightness in these areas is closely related to lower back pain and forward pelvic tilt The Chair Sit and Reach test is part of the Senior Fitness Test Protocol, and is designed to test the functional fitness of seniors. It is a variation of the traditional sit and reach flexibility test. purpose: This test measures lower body flexibility. equipment required: ruler, straight back or folding chair, (about 17 inches/44 cm high

  1. Sit and Reach Test Variations. The zero mark on the traditional sit and reach test is at the feet, though some protocols have 15 or 23cm the feet level. The modified sit and reach test adjusts the zero mark is adjusted based on the participant's arm length. The Back-Saver Sit and Reach tests the flexibility of one leg at a time. More Informatio
  2. The sit-and-reach test is a simple way to measure the flexibility of the back of your legs, your hips and your lower back. Here's how: Place a yardstick on the floor. Secure it by placing a piece of tape across the yardstick at the 15-inch (38-centimeter) mark. Place the soles of your feet even with the 15-inch (38-centimeter) mark on the.
  3. scoring: The score is recorded to the nearest centimeter or half inch as the distance reached by the hand. Some test versions use the level of the feet as the zero mark, while others have the zero mark 9 inches before the feet. There is also the modified sit and reach test which adjusts the zero mark depending on the arm and leg length of the subject. There are some norms for the sit and reach test and also examples of some actual athlete results
  4. Click Calculate. Evaluate hamstrings and lower back flexibility for adults. After a brief warm up the subject sits on floor with shoes off. Subject places bottom of feet (10 to 12 inches apart) against side of box (approximately 12 or 30 cm high) with knees straight. Tester places measuring stick on box parallel to subjects legs; 15 or 38.
  5. The sit and reach test is the most common flexibility test. It measures the flexibility of the lower back and hamstrings. To find out more about improving your flexibility for sport or health, visit the Flexibility Training Section of this site. You will need: A box about 30cm (12 inches) high; A meter rule; Instruction
  6. There is a general scale used to measure sit and reach abilities, ranging from very poor to superior. When the zero mark is at the toes, a -7.5 inch (-20 centimeters) reach for men and a -6.0 inch (-15 centimeters) reach for women is considered very poor

The reliability and validity of a chair sit-and-reach test as a measure of hamstring flexibility in older adults. Research quarterly for exercise and sport. 1998 Dec 1;69(4):338-43. ↑ Lemmink KA, Kemper HC, Greef MH, Rispens P, Stevens M. The validity of the sit-and-reach test and the modified sit-and-reach test in middle-aged to older men. The Sit and Reach Test is conducted as follows: The athlete warms up for 10 minutes and then removes their shoes. The assistant secures the ruler to the box top with the tape so that the front edge of the box lines up with the 15cm (6 inches) mark on the ruler and the zero end of the ruler points towards the athlete (inches) 90° push-up (no. completed) Modifi ed pull-up (no. completed) Pull-up (no. completed) Flexed arm hang (seconds) Back-saver sit and reach* (inches) Shoulder stretch 5 612382712289Healthy Fit-ness Zone = touching fi ngertips together behind the back on both the right and left sides. 6 61238271228 9 7 612410 391238 9 8 612513 4111 2 310

Sit and Reach Test Norms - Topend Sport

For MAPEH lesson. This is a step-by-step procedure on how to do zipper test and, sit and reach.#PhysicalFitnessTest#ZipperTest#SitAndReach#Flexibility#kingph.. The YMCA Sit and Reach Test is the most widely used assessment performance procedure.Every trainer or fitness professional should learn how to conduct this test. Tools needed to perform this test properly a. Sit and Reach Box b. Tape Measure or Yard Stick if you want a cheaper way to administer this test The Sit and Reach test measures the flexibility of the hamstring, erector spinae muscles. Evaluating test results is simple with the available maximum reach indicator, which will keep results until reset. Designed to work in space conscious clinics, once assembled, the standard Baseline Sit and Reach box was designed to take up the least amount of floor-space possible without sacrificing accurate results Finish the test when the client reaches 85% of their age-predicted max HR. Estimate VO2 like they do in the textbook on page 235. Astrand Rhyming Cycle Ergometer Test. This is a 6-minute cycle test that uses a metronome, stopwatch, and a cycle. YMCA step Test. This is a basic and inexpensive test that can be done to one person or large groups

Sit and Reach Test: Testing your fitness at hom

  1. This video is about V sit and reach test-----Join our Mobility for Athletes FB group here:..
  2. Take off shoes, sit on floor, legs straight and heels placed directly on the measurement line, feet about 20-30 cm (8-12 in) apart. Bring hands together, clasp thumbs and keep palms facing down. Flex feet. Slowly reach forward as far as possible while hands travel along the measurement line. Repeat three times and hold the fourth reach for 2-3.
  3. g Other Fitness Sites - Food and Nutr Info Center - ChooseMyPlate.gov - Fast-Food Restaurant Nutr - The President's Challenge - Pres. Council on Fitness Our Partners - Amazon.com - ACE Fitness - Spartan Races Sit and Reach Test. You must be warmed up to do this test
  4. Among all the sit-and-reach test protocols, the Classic sit-and-reach test seems to be the best option to estimate hamstring extensibility. End scores (e.g., the Classic sit-and-reach test) are a better indicator of hamstring extensibility than the modifications that incorporate fingers-to-box distance (e.g., the Modified sit-and-reach test)

Results: The participants achieved a mean distance of 24.98±9.28 cm in the TSRT and 27.83±10.10 cm in the SSRT. The results The Sit-and-Reach Test (SRT) is a common protocol used to assess hamstring and lower back flexibility. The Sit-and-Reach Test Functional Reach Test The Functional Reach Test is a single item test developed as a quick screen for balance A score between 6-10 inches indicates a moderate risk for falls. Age related norms for the functional reach test: Men Age Women (in inches) 20-40yrs (in inches) 16.7 ± 1.9 14.6 ± 2.2 . 41-69yrs 14.9 ± 2.2 13.8 ± 2.2 70-87 13.2. How to Perform the Sit and Reach Test . Get a testing box: You'll need a special sit-and-reach testing box. You can also make your own testing box by finding a solid box about 30-cm tall. Fix a meter stick on top of the box so that 26 cm of the ruler extends over the front edge of the box toward the test subject

the reach distance, usually measured in inches. Three trials are done and the average of the last two is noted. Modified Functional Reach Test (Adapted for individuals who are unable to stand): Performed with a leveled yardstick that has been mounted on the wall at the height of the patient's acromion level in the non-affected arm while. Perform the test 2 times 8. Record the best result from the trials on the data sheet and compared with the percentile ratings on the following page. See page to follow for results . 14 . 15 Traditional Sit and Reach Test 1. This test uses a 12 inch sit-and-reach box. Have subject perform a 10 minute warm-up

At the end of two weeks, average difference scores in flexibility between the twins are 1.75 inches on a sit-and-reach flexibility test. Standard; Question: Question 2. Hypothesis Testing: 2 Dependent Matched Samples: Continuous Variable There is a study of twins (n=80) where one twin does yoga regularly (Group 1) while the other twin does not. (inches) 90° push-up (no. completed) Modifi ed pull-up (no. completed) Flexed arm hang (seconds) Back-saver sit and reach* (inches) Shoulder stretch 5 2 10 6 12 3 8 2 7 2 8 8 Healthy Fitness Zone = touching fi ngertips together behind the back on both the right and left sides. 6 2 10 6 12 3 8 2 7 2 8 8 7 4 14 6 12 4 10 3 9 3 8 8 8 6 20 6 12. Chair sit and reach test is generally performed in senior citizens like those who are above 60 years of age. Equipment Required for Chair Sit and Reach Test. 1 - Ruler or Measuring tape. 2 - Straight back or Folding chair with a seat height of ( 17 inches/ 44 cm). Pre-test Evaluations. Explain the procedure to the subject before performing. Click here to see the test procedures presented in the merit badge pamphlet. To see instructions for building the Sit and Reach Box, Click here. (The illustration shows dimensions for constructing the reach box in inches, while the requirement table in the pamphlet stipulates measuring the Scout's reach in centimeters (cm) A quick and easy guide to performing a proper Sit and Reach Test. A quick and easy guide to performing a proper Sit and Reach Test

Sit and Reach Test - Topend Sport

A suitable flexibility training should improve the results with time. Reliability: It depends on the subject´s age and level of motivation as well as individual warm-up and air temperature. This test is usually done without any previous warm-up. Comments: Instead of using a Sit-and-Reach-Box alternatively fixate a ruler between feet Ways to Improve Doing a Sit & Reach Test. The sit and reach is a fitness test that measures the flexibility of your hamstrings, lower back and glutes. To perform the test, sit on the floor with your legs extended out in front of you and your feet against the edge of a sit-and-reach box. With arms extended out in. Your score will be determined from the total time in seconds on all but one of the tests; the sit and reach test will be scored in inches. A maximum time limit is imposed on all other test items. This time limit is enforced merely to avoid a situation in which a candidate cannot complete a given task and/or rests for prolonged periods between.

Sit and reach box After You Finish. The highest value of the trials (typically the fourth attempt) is the final result. If a sit-and-reach box is used and the heel placement is not at 23 centimetres (9.1 in.), a zero-point adjustment accounting for the difference may be needed to compare with normative data The Back-Saver Sit & Reach Assessment The testing goal for boys ages 17+ is 8 inches and girls ages 17+ it is 12 inches. What does the back-saver sit & reach assess? This test is used to asses the component of flexibility of the hamstring muscles. If your test results are under the Healthy Zone criteria you would be in the needs improvement. Sit and Reach Test Videos and other Flexibility Test Videos Related Products Buy a sit and reach box Flexibility Store — items to measure flexibility. 3 Comments Topend Sports 1 Login ⤤ Share Sort by Best Join the discussion •Reply• CoriMoon • 2 years ago 14 in. Yay! I'm a girl btw 3 •Reply Relax, sit up, and repeat twice more, noting the farthest inch mark that you reach. Your Score: Sit-and-Reach* (Measure reached on yardstick) Your Age: 18 to 25 Above average: 21 inches or more Average: 19 to 20 minutes Below average: 17 to 18 inches Well below average: 16 inches orless Your Age: 26 to 35 Above average: 20 inches or more.

SIT AND REACH TEST (6 inches) mark on the ruler and the zero end of the ruler points towards the athlete The athlete sits on the floor with their legs fully _____with the bottom of their bare feet against the box (results for males) Advantages of the test- (Consider factors that might mak Learn how to perform the sit and reach test with a few easy steps An alternative to the bilateral sit-and-reach test is the unilateral test called the backsaver sit-and-reach (Meredith and Welk, 2010, pp. 57-59). The Fitnessgram test manual (Meredith and Welk, 2010) outlines the reasons for including this test. A flexibility box with a ruler extension is used

Calculate - YMCA Sit & Reach TrainerMetric

In the third test, the Sit and Reach Test the population average is 16.75. I was able to reach the 22- inch mark, getting an excellent rating with a score of 88. The Result of the 4 th test to determine my BMI, for my weight of 170 to my height of 66 inches, showed that I am considered overweight with the calculation of 27.5 inches reached on a yard stick fastened to an apparatus with 15 inches being at the toes and the one inch mark closest to the body. Knees must be locked and the hands together as the person stretches down the measuring apparatus. 2. 1 MINUTE SIT UP TEST This is a measure of the muscular endurance of the abdominal muscles The sit and reach test is a typical measure of adaptability, and particularly measures the adaptability of the lower back and hamstring muscles.This test is essential as on the grounds that tightness here is ensnared in lumbar lordosis, forward pelvic tilt and lower back agony View the current standards, including the scores for 'Good', 'Excellent' and 'Superior' test results. Download the Male Physical Fitness Standards. Download the Female Physical Fitness Standards Flexibilty: Sit & Reach A measure of flexibility is taken through the sit and reach test. The measurement is taken in inches Good results for men between the ages of 26 and 45 are 35 to 45 repetitions; for women of the same ages, good results range from 27 to 39. Read more: The 10 Most Extreme Fitness Tests in America Sit-and-Reach Test

Chair Sit and Reach Test - Topend Sport

Ans-1: Keybeck isa 20 years old male, with a score of 8.7 inches on Traditional Sit-and-reach test. According to the table for result interpretation (values given in inches): Result-His sc view the full answe The without-box sit-and-reach test was named V sit-and-reach test (VSR) because it requires the subject to sit on the floor without a box, and feet are separated by about 30 cm to form a V-shape leg position. A meter rule is placed between the legs with 23 cm (or 38.1 cm) located at the heel line Sit without shoes behind the box, place your feet flat against the box at the 26-cm mark (the zero or foot mark for this test), and put your hands on top of the box. • YARDSTICK Sit-and-Reach Test - Sit straight legged on a mat with your shoes removed and your feet about 10 to 12 inches apart. Have your partner place a yardstick on. The test is conducted on both the right and left sides of the body. Each participant is allowed two trials on each side. The farthest point reached, measured to the nearest half-inch and held for at least two seconds, is recorded. Equipment . A measuring scale with a sliding panel is needed to administer this test

Chair Sit and Reach Test. Standardize your test by having the client sit on a flat chair, both thighs supported, knees and hips bent 90 degrees, and feet flat on the floor (or use a 1 inch or 2 inch, etc lift for short legged clients. Place the same lifts on the chair for long legged clients). Have the client maintain a tall posture and ask him. Sit-and-Reach Trunk Flexibility Box features a perform sit-and-reach test. Provides scales for fitness, program, Cooper Institute/YMCA, AAHPERD metrics. The scales are printed in inches and centimeters. This device is a sturdy construction with a built-in foot plate and a maximum stretch indicator that remains until reset

Sit and Reach Test. monly used method of assessing flexibility. The test measures the flexibility of the lower back and hamstring muscles. Required equipment include either a sit and reach box, a ruler, or some other instrument for measuring.the sit and reach test is followed by a warm up with your legs and hands The Baseline Sit n' Reach Trunk Flexibility Assessment Testing Box is designed for maximum durability and accuracy when taking readings. With dimensions of 30 x 12 x 13 the Baseline Sit n' Reach Trunk Flexibility Assessment Testing is compact enough to store in any T9, physical therapy clinic, hospital, school or other testing facility Background and purpose: The sit-and-reach test (SRT) is commonly used to assess flexibility of the spine and length of the hamstring muscles. The purposes of this study were (1) to describe hamstring muscle length as reflected by use of the SRT and the hip joint angle (HJA) in children, (2) to examine the correlation between SRT and HJA measurements, and (3) to examine gender differences for. Sit & Reach Box? Liemohn et al (1997) found performance on the sit-and-reach was significantly better with the ankle in a passive plantarflexion as opposed to the fixed dorsiflexion posture required when the test is administered using a sit-and-reach box (See Sit and Reach Calculator). Dorsal flexion may negatively affect hip flexion since the stretched gastrocnemius can pull the hamstrings. The sit and reach test must be performed with proper form in order for Record the reach to the nearest 1/4 inch. 9. Three trials are allowed; the best of the three trials is recorded. 10. Exhaling on the reach is recommended. Superior Excellent Good Fair Minimum Poor Very Poo

Sit and Reach Test Protocol Fitness Testin

How fit are you? See how you measure up - Mayo Clini

Instructions for the Sit-up Test This test is a measure of dynamic strength and endurance of the abdominal muscle. It is a timed test that requires that you complete as many sit-ups as you can in 60 seconds. • Begin with your back on the floor and your knees at a 90-degree angle. There should be an 18 to 21 inc Chair Sit-and-Reach Test. Assesses lower body flexibility; Measure the number of inches between extended fingers and toes when in a sitting positions; Reaches that do not pass the toe are recorded as negative (e.g., -3.5 inches) Maximum reach must be held for 2 second

The results below are real results from professional athletes when they had a goal at the sit and reach test. Results: Ice Hockey. The best score at the 2010 NHL scouting combine for sit and reach was 54 cm by Matt Mahalak. Aussie Rules Football. Brett Deledio, AFL footballer from Richmond, scored 14cm on his sit and reach test. Athletic program. The goal is to be able to run 220 yards in 45 seconds, sit and reach 12 inches, perform 24 proper form push-ups, and run 1.5 miles in 15 minutes, which is the Fitness Graduation Standard to pass the Academy. You may then move on to the Step 3 training in the CBPO PFT Physical Readiness Program if you choose to do so.

ExRx.net : Sit and Reach Flexibility Tes

If not mistaken you sit flat on the floor legs straight out, with your back straight (some even sit you up against a wall) and your arms stretched out this is the starting point. You then reach and bend forward 16.5 inches. If you can touch your toes you should be just fine The timed Up and Go test measures, in seconds, the time taken by an individual to stand up from a standard arm chair (approximate seat height of 46 cm, arm height 65 cm), walk a distance of 3 meters (approximately 10 feet), turn, walk back to the chair, and sit The sit and reach test is quick to perform and for the tester to take many measurements in a short space of time. Using a sit and reach box makes everything a lot easier, though. After a quick warm-up, the test subject sits and reaches forward moving the scale along the length of the board Modifi ed Sit-and-Reach (Flexibility Test of Ham-strings) a. Remove shoes and sit on the fl oor. Place the sole of the foot of the extended leg fl at against a box or bench, and place the head, back, and hips against a wall with a 90-degree angle at the hips. b. Place one hand over the other and slowly reach forward as far as you can with. Arm Curl Test for upper body strength. Chair Sit-and-Reach Test for lower body flexibility. Back Scratch Test for upper body flexibility. 8-Foot Up and Go Test for agility and balance. 6-minute Walk Test (or 2 minute Step in Place Test) for cardiovascular fitness. There are charts with normative data for a comparison for ages 60 to 94

Sit and Reach Test

Sit And Reach Test Calculator - Sport Fitness Adviso

The back-saver sit and reach stretch is similar to the traditional sit and reach test, except that each leg is measured independently. You'll need a sit and reach flexibility box, which is a box made of metal that features ruler markings of inches and centimeters printed on the top The YMCA Sit and Reach Test is the most widely used assessment performance procedure.Every trainer or fitness professional should learn how to conduct this test. Tools needed to perform this test properly a. Sit and Reach Box b. Tape Measure or Yard Stick if you want a cheaper way to administer this test The Sit and Reach test measures the flexibility of the hamstring, erector spinae muscles. The test is stopped when they strain forcibly or are unable to maintain form with two reps. Flexibility Assessment: Sit and Reach. There is no optimal test for flexibility, but the common test is the sit and reach. You should always attempt this test when properly warmed up. This test only measures the hamstrings, hips and the lower back A 23-year-old Division 1 college baseball player achieved the following testing results: 1RM bench press: 245 pounds (111 kg) 1RM back squat: 275 pounds (125 kg) Sit and Reach: 20 inches (51 cm) 1.5-mile run: 10:16 (minutes:seconds) When designing his training program, the strength and conditioning professional should focus on improving

What is a Sit and Reach Test? (with pictures

Sit & Reach Flexibility at Home. This simple test is designed to measure the flexibility of your hamstrings and lower back. The sit and reach test has long been used as a test to represent a person's flexibility, though actual flexibility may differ around the body. Equipment:ruler, step (optional, you could make your own sit and reach box if. Results: There was no relation between growth and changes in flexibility for the lumbar flexor muscles, hamstring muscles, or muscles involved in the Sit and Reach test. Although there was a slight decrease in flexibility of the quadriceps muscle with increases in growth, the very low r2adj value (0.01-0.06) strongly suggests that growth plays. Results and Conclusion: This study shows that the traditional sit and reach( r=0.61), the chair sit and reach test(r=0.58) and the back saver sit and reach test(r=0.54) are moderately related to passive straight leg raise test and hence are moderately effective in measuring hamstring flexibility in female graduate and undergraduate. Functional Reach Test (FRT) is a clinical outcome measure and assessment tool for ascertaining dynamic balance in one simple task. In standing, measures the distance between the length of an outstretched arm in a maximal forward reach, while maintaining a fixed base of support. This information is correlated with risk of falling To perform the back-saver sit-and-reach test, remove your shoes and fully extend one leg, placing the sole of your foot flat against the tester. Bend your other knee with the sole of your foot flat against the mat. Extend your arms and place one hand over the other. Slowly reach forward four times and hold the positon on the fourth reach for at.

Sit and Reach Test - Physiopedi

Sit and Reach Test - BrianMa

Flexibility Tes

Back-Saver Sit & Reach Test This variation of the traditional sit and reach flexibility test is designed to measure the flexibility of the left and right legs separately. Sit on the floor with one leg out straight and the other leg with the knee bent and its foot flat on the floor (see image) Shoulder Flex Test — lift a stick over the head to behind the back, maintaining the handgrip on the object; Apley's Shoulder Scratch Test — shoulder movement measured by reaching behind to touch the opposite scapula. Shoulder Reach Flexibility Test — can the hands can be brought within 5cm behind the back. Trunk and Lower Bod The Functional Reach Test is a special test used as an outcome measure in physical therapy. It is used to assess your balance and functional motion after an injury or illness or when you may have limited mobility. If you are having difficulty with balance and functional mobility, or if you have fallen, you may benefit from physical therapy to. SCORING: Test results are recorded as the number of inches (rounded to the nearest inch) for both the left and right sides and are written and bubbled on the test form. (Test form example: student measured 12 inches on the left side and 10 inches on the right side) Back-saver sit and reach stretch for the right side. 121 A 23-year old Division I college baseball player achieved the following testing results: 1RM bench; 245lbs 1RM back squat: 275lbs Sit & reach: 20 inches 1.5 mile run: 10:16 minutes:seconds When designing his training program, the strength and conditioning professional should focus on improvin

How to conduct the sit and reach test

V-Sit reach flexibility test - Topend Sport

Sit and Reach Measures lower back and hamstring flexibility. The test is more reliable if the astronaut has warmed up and has completed some static stretching prior to the test. The astronauts sit with their bare feet flat against the sit-and-reach box, legs extended. Knees should be straight as possible The test objective is to lift the upper body off the floor using the muscles of the back and hold the position to allow for the measurement. It is important that attention be given to performance technique during this test. The movement should be performed in a slow and controlled manner. The maximum score on this test is 12 inches Sit and reach Test This is a measure of the flexibility of the lower back and upper leg area. It is an important area for performing police tasks that may involve range of motion and is important in minimizing lower back problems.The score is the distance, in inches, reached on a yard stick. One Minute Sit-up Test

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Sit and reach Developed in the 1950s, this classic test of flexibility in the hamstrings and lower back has several variations. Here's a DIY version from the YMCA that requires only a yardstick. The Sit and Reach test measures the general flexibility of your lower back and hamstring muscles. Because tightness in the low back and hamstrings is often related to muscle pain and stiffness, this test may help determine a person's risk for future pain and injury Your score is the point at which your fingertips touch the yardstick at maximum reach, recorded to the nearest quarter of an inch. Perform the stretch three times and use the best of the three scores The Healthy Fit Zone for women (17 and older) is a trunk lift of 9-12 inches. Back Saver Sit and Reach: The Healthy Fit Zone for men (17 and older) is a back saver sit and reach score of 8 inches. The Healthy Fit Zone for women (17 and older) is a back saver sit and reach score of 12 inches The Sit-and-Reach Test: Start by stretching your legs: Lie on your back and lift your right leg toward your chest and hold for 10 to 30 seconds. You can grab your thigh to get your leg closer to. Sit and Reach Flexibility Test. Scouts were positioned in long sitting facing a Sit-and-Reach Flexibility Box (Baseline 12-1085, 4MD Medical Solutions Lakewood, NJ) with knees fully extended, posterior popliteal region flat on the floor, and feet flat against the end plate (Figure 1) as is the required measure of the PFMB . The scout then.